Stir-Frying of Chinese Cabbage and Pakchoi Retains Health-Promoting Glucosinolates

Nugrahedi, Probo Y. (2017) Stir-Frying of Chinese Cabbage and Pakchoi Retains Health-Promoting Glucosinolates. Stir-Frying of Chinese Cabbage and Pakchoi Retains Health-Promoting Glucosinolates.

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Stir-frying is a cooking method, originating from Asia, in which food is fried in small amount of very hot oil. Nowadays in many other parts of the world stir-frying is a very popular method to prepare vegetables, because it is fast and fried vegetables are tasty. However, the retention of phytochemicals like the health-beneficial glucosinolates in Brassica vegetables is less explored for stir-frying in comparison to other cooking methods. This study investigates the retention of glucosinolates in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis) and pakchoi (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis)as affected by stir-frying at various cooking durations and temperatures. Stir-frying experiments were performed at set pan temperatures ranging from 160 to 250 °C for a duration of 1 to 8 min. Results showed that aliphatic glucobrassicanapin is the most abundant glucosinolate identified in fresh Chinese cabbage and pakchoi, contributing for 48 and 63% of the total glucosinolate content, respectively, followed by glucoiberin and gluconapin. Stir-frying retains the glucosinolates even at the highest temperature applied. Such retention is explained by the quick inactivation of the glucosinolate-hydrolytic en- zyme myrosinase during the first minutes of frying, and by the thermal stability of the glucosinolates at those temperature/ time conditions. Moreover, due to the absence of a separate water phase, leaching losses did not occur, in contrast to what is observed when boiling Brassica vegetables. These results show that stir-frying may be a suitable health-beneficial cooking option that prevents the loss of glucosinolates.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 660 Chemical engineering > 664 Food technology
Divisions: Faculty of Agricultural Technology > Department of Food Technology
Depositing User: ms F. Dewi Retnowati
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2020 07:19
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2020 07:19

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